Wednesday, January 7, 2009

NASA Issues Final Report On The Columbia Disaster

Nasa Columbia crew suffered ...

February 1, 2003 was a Saturday. It was shaping up as a slow news day. At the cable and broadcast network newsrooms the arrival and landing of Shuttle Columbia was just another small story--really not much more than a time filler on that winter's day are usually Saturdays.

The shuttle Columbia on the launch ...

There were five distinct events each with the potential to kill the crew.

  • The first event with lethal potential was depressurization of the crew module, which started at or shortly after orbiter breakup.

  • The second event with lethal potential was unconscious or deceased crew members exposed to a dynamic rotating load environment with nonconformal helmets and a lack of upper body restraint.

  • The third event with lethal potential was separation from the crew module and the seats with associated forces, material interactions and thermal consequences. Seat restraints played a role in the lethality of this event.This event is the least understood due to limitations in current knowledge of mechanisms at this Mach number and altitude.

  • The fourth event with lethal potential was exposure to near vacuum, aerodynamic accelerations and cold temperatures.

  • The final event with lethal potential was ground impact.

prosess Crew of Space Shuttle Columbia....

The fallen crew of Space Shuttle Columbia now has an enduring memorial on another planet. When NASA's MER of full name of Mars Exploration Rover Spirit landed on Mars Jan. 3, 2004, it brought with it a small commemorative plaque bearing the seven astronauts. Spirit's landing area on Mars will now be known as the Columbia Memorial Station.

During this time of great joy for NASA, the Mars Exploration Rover team and the entire NASA family paused to remember our lost colleagues from the Columbia mission. NASA Administrator Sean O'Keefe said. "To venture into space, into the unknown, is a calling heard by the bravest, most dedicated individuals."Since its flawless landing in Gusev Crater, Spirit has sent back several stunningly clear photos of its new home. Designed by MER ( Mars Exploration Rover ) engineers at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, the plaque was installed March 28, 2003, during pre-launch processing at Kennedy Space Center's Payload Hazardous Servicing Facility.

To the crew of Space Shuttle Columbia STS-107, February 1, 2003

"This Images is Space Shuttle Columbia STS-107 damage becuse of this Space Shuttle coming reatern to Earth.A large piece of insulating foam from Columbia's external tank (ET) had come off during ascent and struck the leading edge of the left wing, causing critical damage."

Any insight can give here will be superficial at best. Still, struck by the separation of problem solving and survival that existed in astronaut training. This is loaded with conclusions and recommendations, but the truth is travel in pursuit of exploration is inherently dangerous. The astronauts knew this going in.Though the crew knew something was going wrong they never prepared for the rapid. Though their vehicle was modern their danger wasn't all that different from what faced Columbus, Lewis and Clark, Shackleton or anyone else who has pushed the physical limits of human knowledge.

The plaque reads:In memoriam
To the crew of Space Shuttle Columbia STS-107, February 1, 2003

  • Kalpana Chawla
  • Rick D. Husband
  • William C. McCool
  • Michael P. Anderson
  • David M. Brown
  • Laurel B. Clark
  • Ilan Ramon

Bios Of All 7 Astronauts

  • Kalpana Chawla :- 41, emigrated to the United States from India in 1980. She was chosen as an astronaut in 1994 after working at NASA's Ames Research Center in northern California. She was survived by a husband.At the time, she wanted to design aircraft. She had flown to space once before, in 1997.

  • Rick D. Husband :- 45, was an Air Force colonel from Amarillo, Texas. He was survived by his wife and two children. The baritone sang in a church choir for years and used to sing in barbershop quartets.Besides flying, Husband's other passion in life was singing. The former test pilot was selected as an astronaut in 1994 on his fourth try.

  • William C. McCool :- 41, was a Navy commander who grew up in Lubbock, Texas. McCool was an experienced Navy pilot with more than 2,800 hours in flight. McCool was married with three sons. He graduated second in his 1983 class at the Naval Academy, went on to test pilot school and became an astronaut in 1996.The Columbia mission was his first spaceflight.

  • Michael P. Anderson :- 43, was the son of an Air Force man and grew up on military bases. He traveled to Russia's Mir space station in 1998. The lieutenant colonel was a native of Spokane, Washintan. and was married with two daughters. He was flying for the Air Force when NASA chose him in 1994 as one of only a handful of black astronauts.He was in charge of Columbia's dozens of science experiments.

  • David M. Brown :- 46, was a Navy captain, pilot and doctor. He became an astronaut in 1996. The Arlington, Va., native joined the Navy after a medical internship, then went on to fly the A-6E Intruder and F-18. Columbia's mission was his first spaceflight.

  • Laurel B. Clark :- 41, was a diving medical officer aboard submarines and then a flight surgeon before she became an astronaut in 1996.The Racine, Wis., native was married to a NASA doctor and had a son.Her role on Columbia was to help with science experiments.

  • Ilan Ramon :- 48, was a colonel in Israel's air force and the first Israeli in space. Ramon fought in the Yom Kippur War 1973 and the Lebanon War 1982 and served for years as a fighter pilot. He had a wife and four children who lived in Tel Aviv.His mother and grandmother survived the Auschwitz death and his father fought for Israel's statehood alongside grandfather.He was chosen as Israel's first astronaut in 1997, then moved to Houston the next year to train.

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